Plantar fasciitis is a condition whereby the fibrous tissue that extends across the sole of the foot inflames and causes pain. This can occur for one of two reasons – over, or repeated, stretching of the arch of the foot, or compression to the area.
Having the arch of your foot overstretch is usually a result of poor foot biomechanics, whereby the arch becomes flatter and therefore puts greater, repeated strain on the associated structures. However this flattening of the arch can also be a result of weakened foot muscles, particularly the toe flexors. Compression related causation refers to traumatic injury to the sole of the foot. However, ‘stone bruising’ is easy to confuse with plantar fasciitis and should be distinguished for effective treatment of either – plantar fasciitis will be felt under the arch more whereas ‘stone bruising’ refers to a fat pad contusion and is felt more so on the heel itself.
Management techniques for plantar fasciitis include rest (ie. minimal weight bearing) and ice for the initial stages, then soft tissue stretching and strengthening to work on the above causes of the condition. Stretching techniques include calf stretches and myofascial release of the fascia itself. Rolling the foot over a small ball is painful, yet effective in the management of the plantar fascia. See our Instagram and Facebook post on plantar fasciitis to see a good toe flexor strengthening exercise to prevent or rehab from this condition.
To get back on your feet as quickly as possible, visit one of our physiotherapists to optimise your recovery and rehab -01202 576731.
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